The Longleaf pine forest found at Fox Nation is broken into forty six unique management stands. These stands are typically even aged for management reasons. The overall forest mosaic at Fox Nation is uneven aged (more than three age classes). While the overstory is relatively species poor (filled with the historic Pinus palustris and other dry site species) the understory is brimming with biodiversity. At Fox Nation over 26 overstory species have been catalogued with over 75% being longleaf. The understory boasts over 135 species of grasses, herbaceous shrubs and flower annuals and perennials.